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Impact

Continuously monitoring the impact of RSPO’s work is essential for the development of our standards. It also helps us assess the ways in which our work contributes to our shared vision of transforming markets to make sustainable palm oil ‘the norm’. In order to achieve this, RSPO is committed to developing, implementing, and improving its Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system. Our M&E system uses the RSPO’s Theory of Change as a guiding framework, designed to assess progress, performance and impacts of our work, as well as to help inform strategy and drive continuous improvement through learning and adaptive management.

RSPO in Numbers

Data presented below is as of 30 September 2021, unless stated otherwise

Certification figures

  • Certified production volume data is based on projected annual production of the certified mills.
  • Supply data is based on monthly availability of the annual certified production volume of mills.
  • The difference between certified production volume and supply is due to the differences in certification period of individual mills.

Certified Area and CSPO Volume by Country Certified area includes the mill, mature and immature oil palms area, buildings and infrastructures, HCVs and any area within the boundary of the management unit.

Figures inclusive of scheme & independent smallholders.

4.57 Million Hectares certified
Certified Area
 
  • 1 - 1,000 ha
  • 1.000 - 5,000 ha
  • 5,000 - 1,000,000 ha
  • 1,000,000 - 1,500,000 ha
  • > 1,500,000 ha
 

Members with RSPO Certifications

Certified Palm Oil Mills

463 Units/Mills

Growers

95 Members

Companies with
Supply Chain Certificates

3,573 Companies

Facilities with
Supply Chain Certificates

6,184 Facilities/Mills

Estimated Actual Production of RSPO Certified Sustainable Palm Oil Actual Production of CSPO is on average 80% of the Total Certified Volume.

Total Certified Volume is the projected volume for the coming year based on the maturity of the oil palms and area under production, and the oil and kernel extraction rate. The Certified Volume is determined and audited in the annual audit process.

Actual Production is the physical volume generated by the mill in the previous year. The Actual Production is recorded during audits.

Figures inclusive of scheme and independent smallholders.

14.1

million tonnes

19.3% of Global Palm Oil Production

Certified Sustainable Palm Oil Production Area (ha) Production area includes mature oil palms area only. Figures inclusive of scheme & independent smallholders.

 

Annual Volume of Certified Fresh Fruit Bunch (MT) Figures inclusive of scheme & independent smallholders.

 

Certified Supply and Sales (by supply chain model) RSPO has improved data collection during Principle and Criteria audits, now in addition to reporting the Total Certified Volume of RSPO certified mills, RSPO also reports the Actual Production of these mills. Furthermore, for RSPO mills that are also certified through other sustainability schemes, RSPO will include volumes sold through these ‘other schemes’. This enhanced level of data collection and reporting, enables RSPO to provide greater accuracy and transparency when measuring CSPO and CSPKO production and sales.

Figures inclusive of scheme and independent smallholders.

For information on RSPO supply chain models, please click here.

Monthly CSPO Sales (mt) Monthly CSPO sales data correspond to the confirmed shipping announcement recorded in PalmTrace for IP, SG and MB volumes, and RSPO credits (B&C model) sold by mills and ISH.

 

Annual CSPO Certified Volume (mt) Total Certified Volumes is the projected volume for the coming year based on the maturity of the oil palms and production area, and the oil extraction rate. The Certified Volume is determined and audited in the annual audit process.

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Annual CSPO Actual Production (AP) (mt) and Sales Actual Production is the physical volume generated by the mill in the previous year. The Actual Production is recorded during audits.

The monitoring and assessment of the total certified volumes reported for the mills shows that the actual production is approximately 20% lower than the certified volume. The Certified Volume is overestimated due to agronomic/operational reasons, e.g. due to climate conditions, the expected volume was not achieved.

In addition to Monthly CSPO sales data for IP, SG and MB volumes, and RSPO credits (B&C model) sold by mills and ISH, RSPO also reports volumes sold through 'other schemes' for RSPO mills that are also certified through other sustainability schemes

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Monthly CSPKO sales (mt) (ex-KCP)*   Monthly CSPKO sales per RSPO Supply Chain model, corresponding to confirmed CSPKO Announcements for IP, SG, and MB volumes and B&C sales by the KCP.

NOTE: Ex-KCP= Exit point at Kernel Crushing Plant, i.e. volume transaction from the Crusher to the next buyer.

 

Estimated Annual CSPKO Certified Volume (mt) Total Certified Volumes is the projected CSPKO volume for the coming year based on the maturity of the oil palms and the area under production, and kernel extraction rate. The CSPKO volume is derived from the CSPK volume using the Palm Kernel Oil Yield Scheme (45%). The Certified Volume is determined and audited in the annual audit process. Due to a more limited dataset, historical CSPKO is only available from 2017.

 

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Estimated Annual CSPKO* Actual Production (AP) (mt) and Sales Sales of CSPKO were higher than Actual Production over the past years. The reason for this could be that CSPKO Credits and Mass Balance stocks of Kernel Crushing Plants (KCP) do not expire, therefore these can be carried over to the next reporting year. And secondly, because of the one to one conversion of CSPK IP/SG to CSPKO MB (as per clause C.5.3 in the RSPO Supply Chain Certification Standard).

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RSPO Commitment to Smallholders

For more info on smallholders please go to Smallholders page.
 
168,769
Individual Smallholders
491,242
Hectares of Smallholders Certified Area

Membership figures

Membership data is as of 30 September 2021

Top 10 RSPO members by countries (out of 102)

1 United States 618
2 Germany 483
3 United Kingdom 464
4 Japan 251
5 Italy 238
6 Netherlands 219
7 China 193
8 France 179
9 Belgium 158
10 Australia 157

RSPO members by category

106 Members
3,074 Members
1,965 Members
5,145 Members

RSPO members by sector

 

Trademark

Trademark licenses data is as of 31 October 2021

27 Affiliates
407 Consumer Goods Manufacturers
59 Oil Palm Growers
324 Palm Oil Processors and/or Traders
14 Retailers
4 Social or Development Organisations (NGO)
1 Environmental or Nature Conservation Organisations (NGO)
819 Supply Chain Associate
5 Supply Chain Group Manager

Publications

RSPO Impact Update 2019 (Jul 2018 to Jun 2019)

Impact Report 2019 (Jan 2019 to Dec 2019)

September 2020

View  
RSPO Impact Update 2019 (Jul 2018 to Jun 2019)

Impact Update 2019 (Jul 2018 to Jun 2019

October 2019

View  

Impact Report 2018 (Jul 2017 to Jun 2018)

November 2018

View  

RSPO Theory Of Change Narrative

December 2017

View